Partnership ties with foreign schools and scholars are formalized through written and signed
documents. To date, the two most common type of documents are Memorandums of Understanding
(MOUs) and Agreements.
MOUs formalize institutional (i.e. school to
school; school to organizations, etc) and feature general language designed to prompt both
parties to look for opportunities to work together for mutual benefits. The documents are
usually short and feature the following elements
• Announcement of comity of interests between PSU and University
X to explore
for opportunities for partnering activities such as.
• student and faculty exchanges.
• joint research programs.
• design and establishment of programs.
• …other activities of mutual interest.
• Operationalizing (roles, costs, timelines, etc.) such
activities to be worked out between the two parties in contractual form at a later time.
• General conditional paragraphs.
• end ties options: time frame, 5-years and then ties are up for
optional renewal; six-month notice of cancelation of ties, etc
• legal obligations and jurisdictions, etc.
• Signatures and Date - MOUs are signed by PSU Rector and his
equivalent at the partnering institution - or by someone authorized to sign for the same
MOUs in effect invite both parties to find areas and activities of common
interest to team together in. For the current list of PSU MOU partnerships see Appendix)
Agreements are formalized relationships below the
institutional level. One might be between an individual scholar and a PSU department,
another between an agency and a PSU program and so on.